Joseph Buffington, for many years judge of the
"old tenth" district, and whose life was intimately connected with
the history of Armstrong county, was born in the town of West Chester, county
of Chester, on the 27th of November, 1803, and died at Kittanning on the 3d of
February, 1872. The ancestors of Judge Buffington were Quakers or Friends, who
left England several years before Wm. Penn, and in 1677, five years before the
arrival of Penn, we find one of them, Richard Buffington, among the list of
"tydables" at Upland, which same Richard was the father of the
first-born child of English descent in the Province of Pennsylvania. From
Hazard's Annals, page 468, as well as from the Pennsylvania Gazette from June
28 to July 5, 1739, we learn that, "on the 30th of May past, the
children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren of Richard Buffington, Sr., to
the number of 115, met together at his home in Chester county, as also his 9
sons and daughters-in-law, and 12 great-grandchildren-in-law. The old man is
from Great Marle upon the Thames, in Buckinghamshire, in Old England, aged
about 85, and is still hearty, active and of perfect memory. His eldest son,
now in the 60th year of his age, was the first-born son of English descent in
The second son, Thomas, was born about 1680, and died in December
1739. He was married to Ruth Cope, and among other children left a son
William, who was first married to Lena Ferree, as appears in Rupp's History of
Lancaster county, page 112, and afterward to a second wife, Alice, whose
maiden name is unknown. By this second wife there was born in 1730 a son
Jonathan, who died October 18, 1801.
This Jonathan Buffington was the grandfather of Judge Buffington. He owned
and operated a gristmill which is still standing at North Brook, near the site
of the battle of the Brandywine. At the time of that battle (September, 1777)
his mill was taken possession of by the British troops, and the non-combatant
Friend compelled to furnish food for the British.
Jonathan Buffington was married to Ann (born 1739, died June 16,
1811), daughter of Edward and Ann Clayton. Their thrid child, Ephraim
Buffington, was born March 23, 1767, and died December 30, 1832. Ephraim
Buffington was married to Rebecca Francis, March 4, 1790, at the old Swedes
church, Wilmington, Delaware. He kept a hotel at West Chester, at a tavern
stand known as the "Whie Hall," a venerable hostelry, and well known
throughout that region for many years. It was here that Judge Buffington was
born and lived until his tenth year, when his father, in hopes of bettering
his fortunes in the then West, left Chester county, came over the mountains
and settled at Pine creek, about five miles above Pittsburgh, on the Allegheny
river. When about 18 years of age he entered the Western University at
Pittsburgh, then under the charge of Dr. Bruce, at which place he also enjoyed
the instructions of the venerable Dr. Joseph Stockton. After finishing a
liberal course of studies he went to Butler, Pennsylvania, and for some time
prior to studying law, edited a weekly newspaper called the Butler Repository,
and in company with Samuel A. Purviance, afterward a well-known member of the
Allegheny county bar and attorney-general of the commonwealth, he engaged in
keeping a small grocery store. Soon afterward he entered, as a student of law,
the office of Gen. William Ayers, at that time one of the celebrated lawyers
of Western Pennsylvania, under whose careful training he laid a thorough
foundation for his chosen life work. During his student life he married Miss
Catherine Mechling, a daughter of Hon. Jacob Mechling of Butler county, a
prominent politician of that region, and for many years a member of the house
of representatives and the senate of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Buffington survived
her husband, dying September 11, 1873. They left no children, their only
child, Mary, having died in infancy.
In July, 1826, he was admitted to practice in Butler county, and in
the supreme court on Septmber 10, 1828. He remained at the Butler bar for
about a year, but finding that the business was largely absorbed by older and
more experienced practitioners, he determined to seek some new field of labor
and finally decided upon Armstrong county, to which he removed and settled at
Kittanning, where he continued to reside until his death. Shortly after his
coming he purchased from his perceptor, Gen. Ayers, the lots on Water street
which afterward became his home and on which he built the old homestead.
The the first years of his professional life were ones of hardship
and narrow means, yet his industry, integrity and close application soon
brought him to the front of the bar, and in a few years he was in possession
of a practice that absorbed his time and afforded him a comfortable income.
During the years that intervened between his coming to Kittanning and 1843 he
was closely engaged in the line of his profession.
Patient, laborious and attentive, full of zeal and energy for his clients'
causes, he acquired an extensive practice. He was constantly in attendance
upon the courts of Clarion, Jefferson, Armstrong and Indiana, and his services
were often in demand in other counties. He was connected with all the
important land trials of these regions, and his knowledge of this intricate
branch of the law was thorough and exhaustive. To practice successfully in
these counties indicated no meager abilities as one recalls to mind the array
of legal talent of those days, among whom may be mentioned Thomas Blair, Gov.
Wm. F. Johnston, H. N. Lee, Darwin Phelps, of Armstrong county; Hon. Samuel A.
Gilmore, Hon. Charles C. Sullivan, Hon. Samuel A. Purviance, Gen. I. N.
Purviance, of Butler county; Hon. Thomas White, Daniel Stannard, William
Banks, of Indiana county; Hon. Henry D. Foster, Edgar A. Cowan, of
Westmoreland county; Hon. James Campbell and Thomas Sutton, of Clarion county.
Upon coming to manhood, Judge Buffington took a strong interest in
politics. At the inception of the anti-masonic party in 1831 or thereabouts he
became one of its members and served as a delegate to the national convention
of that body which met at Baltimore in 1832 and nominated William Wirt for the
During these and the few succeeding years he was several times nominated
for the positon of state senator or member of the house of representatives,
but without success, his party being largely in the minority. In 1840 he
became a Whig, taking an active part in the election of Gen. Harrison and
serving as one of the presidential electors on the whig ticket.
In the fall of 1843 he was elected a member of congress as the Whig
candidate in the district composed of the counties of Armstrong, Butler,
Clearfield and Indiana, his competitor being Dr. Lorain, of Clearfield county.
In 1844 he was again elected in the same district, his competitor being Judge
McKennan, of Indiana county.
During his membership of the house he voted with the Whigs in all important
measures, among others voting against the admission of Texas on the ground of
opposition to the extension of slave territory.
His fellow townsman and warm personal friend, Hon. W. F. Johnston, Having
been elected governor, he appointed Mr. Buffington in 1849 to the position of
president-judge of the eighteenth judicial district, composed of Clarion, Elk,
Jefferson and Venango counties. This position he held until 1851, when he was
defeated in the judicial election by Hon. John C. Knox, the district being
In 1852 he was nominated by the whig state convention for the judgeship of
the supreme court. In the general overthrow of the whig party which resulted
in the defeat of Gen. Scott for the presidency, Judge Buffington was defeated,
his competitor being the late Chief Justice Woodward, of Luzerne county.
The same year he was appointed, by President Fillmore, chief justice of
Utah territory, then just organized. He was strongly urged by the president
personally to accept, as the position was a trying one and the administration
wished it to be filled by one in whom it had confidence. Its great distance
from civilization and the customs of the country, which were so abhorrent to
his ideas, led him, however, to decline the proffered honor.
In the year 1855, on the resignation of Hon. John Murray Burrill,
judge of the tenth district, he was appointed to that position by Gov.
Pollock, with whom he had been a fellow-member of congress. In the fall of
1856 he was elected to fill the position to which he had been appointed, for a
term of ten years. In this election he had no contestant, the opposition
declining to nominate. This position he held until 1866, when he was again
elected to fill the judgeship for another term of ten years. His position
during these years was one of hard and constant labor, and the growing
business of the three counties of Armstrong, Indiana, and Westmoreland kept
his mind and time fully occupied. In 1871 failing health admonished him that
the judicial labors, already too great for any one man to perform, were
certainly too severe for one who had passed the meridian of life, and had born
the burden and heat of the day. It was indeed hard for him to listen to the
demands of a feeble frame, but, sustained by the consciousness of duty well
done, and cheered by united voices from without, proclaiming his life-mission
to the public nobly performed, he left the busy scenes of labor and retired to
private life after forty-six years' connection with the bench and bar of the
commonwealth, to the thoroughness and industry of which the state reports of
Pennsylvania bear silent but eloquent testimony. Surrounded by friends and
every comfort of life, the following year passed quickly, but as in the case
of many an overworked professional man, the final summons came without
warning. On Saturday, February 3, 1872, he was in his usual health, and rising
from dinner, he went to an adjoining room, across which he commenced walking
as was his custom. His wife, coming in a few moments later, found him lying
peacefully upon the sofa in the sleep of death. He was buried according to the
services of the Episcopal church, of which he had been an attendant, officer
and liberal supporter for many years. He was buried in the cemetery at
Kittanning, where his resting-place has been marked by a substantial granite
monument, a fitting emblem of the completeness of his own life.
Said one of his life-long friends, Gov. William F. Johnston, "To speak
of Judge Buffington's career as a lawyer would be a history of the judicial
contests in this section of the state for more than a quarter of a century. He
had a large practice in Armstrong, Jefferson, Clarion and Indiana counties,
the courts of which counties he regularly attended. It was a pleasure to be
with him, either as assisting or opposing counsel, in any of those counties.
It may not be forgotten that in those early times, in the judicial history of
Middle Western Pennsylvania, the bar constituted a kind of peripatetic
association, each and all contributing his share to the social enjoyements of
the occasion, and to the instruction of the unlearned in law of the
obligations that were imposed upon them. These unions at different places
created necessarily many happy reminiscences. But, like the schoolmaster of
the village, 'the very spot where once they triumphed is forgot.'"
Of Judge Buffington as a lawyer we have spoken; as a citizen he was
public-spirited and gave a ready support to every undertaking calculated to
benefit the community. ln common with Gen. Orr, Gov. Johnson and others, he
took an active part in procuring the building of the Allegheny Valley
Railroad, and served for some years as one of its directors.
In his younger days he took much pleasure in hunting and fishing.
Naturally fond of an outdoor life, he took kindly to agricultural pursuits.
From time to time he acquired farming lands in the neighborhood of Kittanning,
and their care and cultivation absorbed most of his leisure time. Of
industrious habits, and a hard worker, Judge Buffington gradually added to his
worldly possessions. Fond of making money, he never cared for it for the
purpose of hoarding it, but only for the pleasure its expenditure gave himself
and those around him.
It was in private life and in the familiar intercourse of friends
that he is best remembered. His courtesy to all, joined to the natural,
courtly dignity of the man, stamped him at once in the minds of all with whom
he came in contact as a gentleman in the truest sense of the word, while his
well-stored mind and fine conversational powers lent a charm to his
acquaintance that drew around him a circle of warm and intimate friends. While
his words were to the point and his language incisive, his naturally kind
heart kept him from bitterness, and his judgment of others was never harsh or
prompted by ill will. Kind, sympathetic and generous, he was always ready to
listen to and aid those in distress. He never lost sympathy for the young, and
there are venerable men at the bar today who will tell how the kindness of
Judge Buffington in the early days of their professional career was a real
help when they needed friends and encouragement.
A grateful tribute was paid to his memory at March court, 1883, by the Hon.
James B. Neale, president judge of the district, and son of his esteemed
neighbor and life-long friend, Dr. S. S. Neale. Judge Neale had an excellent
oil portrait of the judge painted, and at that time presented it to the county
of Armstrong. It was placed, with appropriate remarks, above the judge's bench
in the court-room where he had so long presided.
Source: Page(s) 589-591, History of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania by
Robert Walker Smith, Esq. Chicago: Waterman, Watkins & Co., 1883.
Transcribed April 2000 by James R. Hindman for the Armstrong County Smith
Contributed by James R. Hindman for use by the Armstrong County Genealogy
Armstrong County Genealogy Project Notice:
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