|Beaver County History
CHAPTER XIV (Part 1)
Connection of Beaver County with the Revolution -Revolutionary Veterans and Pensioners - War of 1812 - Patriotic Proceedings Roster of Troops - Mexican War - The Alamo - Causes and Commencement of Hostilities - Enlistments - War of the Rebellion - Introductory Remarks - Patriotic Mass Meetings Citizens' Committees Appointed - Home Guards - List of Commissioned Officers - Sketches of Regiments in which Beaver County was Represented - Beaver County Men in the U. S. Naval Service Rosters of Troops in the War of the Rebellion.
Then marched the brave from rocky steep,
From mountain river swift and cold;
The borders of the stormy deep,
The vales where gathered waters sleep,
Sent up the strong and bold,-
As if the very earth again
Grew quick with God's creating breath,
And, from the sods of grove and glen,
Rose ranks of lion-hearted men
To battle to the death.
THE WAR OF THE REVOLUTION
We have seen in the preceding chapters how closely Beaver County was identified with the early military history of western Pennsylvania. At the time of the Revolutionary War her population was too small to enable her to contribute volunteers to the Continental forces, but the few settlers who were here,
1 So far as known there is but one exception to this statement. It has recently been brought to our attention that Levi Dungan, who was probably the first settler in what is now Beaver County, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. The record of his service is clear. It is found in Egle's Penna. in the War of the Revolution (vol. xiv., page 691 of the second series of the Penna. Arch.). Here is given a Muster Roll of Captain James
History of Beaver County 475
confined then, of course, to the region south of the Ohio River, formed part of the thin line of defense which the frontier fighters threw about the interior of the State. And, as we have also seen, among those who took up and settled her lands as soon as the way for settlement was open, were many Revolutionary veterans. Here and there, throughout the county, they lie beneath the sod,
in those low, green tents, whose curtains never outward swing. 1
It would doubtless be impossible at this late date to obtain a complete list of all of the soldiers of the Revolution who later had their homes within the original limits of Beaver County, but the list which follows and which was prepared by the careful pen of Major Thomas Henry of New Brighton will show many of their names, viz. :
Arthur Ackles, Big Beaver township; Robert Agnew, Moon; Jeremiah Bannon, North Beaver, died September 7, 183I, aged eighty-four; John Buchanan, Beaver borough; Thomas Beatty, South Beaver, died prior to 1825; George Bruce, Moon; John Beaver, Ohio township; Samuel Bowan, Big Beaver, died May 16, I838, one hundred years and three months old; Thomas
Wright's company of Youghegenia Meletia, in actual servis for the month of September, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-eight, commanded by Coll. John Stevenson:' and Levy Dungan's name is entered, Sept. 14th. In the record of Dungan's marriage in Philadelphia his first name is spelled in the same way, Levy; he himself always wrote it Levi. During the Revolutionary struggle, the Indians becoming especially dangerous to the settlers on the Ohio, Dungan removed his family to a safer position on Chartiers Creek in what is now Washington County, and himself enlisted to fight the British and their Indian allies. He returned to his home on King's Creek about 1799.
l On the farm of John Ruckert, in New Sewickley township, is a tombstone, with the following inscription:
"In memory of John McKee, who departed this life December 14, 1834, aged 94 years. Emigrated to this, his adopted country, in the year A. D. 1765, was at the destroying of the tea in Boston present at the Declaration of Independence served two years in the Revolutionary War and took his share in the glorious struggle of gaining our independence."
In smaller letters beneath the inscription is found: "J. W. Thompson, stonecutter." Most .... if not all, of the old Revolutionary soldiers mentioned above, are buried in the public or private burying grounds of the county. Nathaniel Coburn, who was a fifer, and, as elsewhere stated, was toll-taker at the Brighton bridge, is buried in New Brighton; Lieut. Moore was buried on the Moore farm in Rochester township and in 1903 his ashes were removed to Grove cemetery. New Brighton; Matthias Shaner is buried in the graveyard of the old stone church in Chippewa township; John Main in the Presbyterian cemetery, and Albert Runyan in the Baptist cemetery at North Sewickley, and Samuel Peirsol in Mt. Pleasant cemetery, Darlington. Buried in the graveyard of the old Mill Creek Presbyterian Church, but with nothing to mark his resting-place, is a man known to the colonial history of Pennsylvania, namely Col George Stewart, who has many descendants in this State and in West Virginia.
History of Beaver County 476
Bevington, Ohio township; William Carnagey, Georgetown; William Cassidy, Moon; Daniel Campbell, Little Beaver, died March 4, I833, eighty-five years old; Nathaniel Coburn, New Sewickley, died April 6, 1844; John Coleman, North Beaver, died August 16, 1847, aged ninety-nine years; Charles Carter, James Chambers, John Crail, Raccoon; Michael Chrisler, Second Moon; James Craig, Thomas Davis, Joseph Douthitt, South Beaver; Zachariah Figley, Moon; Alexander Frew, Shenango; Hugh Gaston, South Beaver; William Grundy, Peter Hines, Sewickley township; William Iddings, Shenango; Joseph Johnston, James Jordan, Hopewell; William Langfitt, Hanover, died August 23, 1831, aged ninety-five; Joseph S. Line, Big Beaver, died August 6, I847, aged eighty-eight; George Lightner, died February 23, 1842, aged ninety-four; First Lieutenant James Moore, New Sewickley, died January 2I, I833, aged eighty; 1 Brice McGeehan, Little Beaver; Sebastian Mershimer, Shenango, died June 3, 1845, aged ninety-nine; Alexander McCurdy, John McGowan, David McCoy, James Purdy, James Reed, died September 17, 1845, aged one hundred, Borough township; Thomas Stratton, Chippewa, died August 30, 1846, aged eightyeight; John Swick, Perry, died July 13, 1849, aged eighty-seven; Michael Sadler, died November 6, 1831, aged ninety; David Scott, First Moon; George Shillito, Henry Woods, Robert Wilson, South Beaver; Charles Willoughby, Hanover; Henry Ulary, Little Beaver.
As supplementing Major Henry's list we give here an interesting old letter which was found a few years ago in the wreck of the John Barclay building on Third Street, Beaver, containing an official list for the year 1836 of the Revolutionary pensioners of this county. The letter is as follows:
TREASURY OFFICE OF PENN' A, HARRISBURG, May 12, 1836.
To the Treasurer of Beaver County:
SIR :-Agreeably to the Provisions of an Act of Assembly, entitled, "An Act authorizing and directing County Treasurers to pay gratuities and pensions to soldiers and widows of Revolutionary soldiers residing
1 This was Lieutenant James Moore. whose son, Samuel Moore, aged 93, was one of the earliest settlers in Rochester. David Marquis married his daughter. and of his sons were Addison and the late Dr. David S. Marquis of Rochester. Capt. John Moore of Vanport is also a grandson.
History of Beaver County 477
in this Commonwealth, " I forward to you a list of persons residing in Beaver County, with the amount due each, and when and how payable.
J. LAWRENCE, State Treasurer.
Agnes Bannon, John Grostcrost, Philip Hoenbaker, George Swager, S. Power, Trustee of Sarah Wilson, Mary Williams, John Hoobler, Lawrence Kunkle, Mary Fisher, John Turner, Neal McGing, William Cassidy, Thomas Hall, James Reed,
Jacob Van Gorder, Henry Woods, John Partridge, Alexander Long, James Robinson, Samuel Quigley, Mary Fisher, James Smith, of Columbiana, Co., O.
One of the Revolutionary soldiers who settled in Beaver County, not in either of the previous lists, was Matthias Shanor, who lived in the vicinity of Georgetown, and married Fanny Poe, sister of Andrew and Adam Poe, and settled later on a farm situated on the east branch of Brady's Run in what is now Chippewa township. This farm is now owned by Squire Thomas Matthias Shanor enlisted in the year 1775 and served first as a private; was in the latter part of the war detailed and put in the commissary department, and was mustered out in the spring of 1783. He was the father of David Shanor, who was born in 1784, served in the War of 1812 and died in 1856; and grandfather of Alva L. Shanor of Brush Creek, this county. Still others of whom we have heard are Albert Runyan, Philip Wylie, and John Main, the latter said to have been one of Washington's body guards. Below will be seen also the name of Stanton Sholes, who came to this county, and had in his early youth served in the Revolutionary War.
THE WAR OF 1812
In the War of 1812 Beaver County was able to lend a more active support to the cause of the nation. Her Representative in Congress during this period of gloom and despondency, Gen eral Abner Lacock, had been elected as a "war candidate," and in his place there he took a bold stand for war measures, and stood firmly by the Democratic administration of James Madison in the noble effort to sustain the honor of the Republic
History of Beaver County 478
against the aggressions of Great Britain. 1 And the people of the county were prompt in responding to the call to arms.
The readiness and enthusiasm of their action will be seen from the following report, taken from the Pittsburgh Mercury of Thursday evening, August 27, 1812:
BEAVER COUNTY PATRIOTISM
On Monday last, in consequence of the disastrous intelligence from Detroit of the capture of General Hull's army, a meeting of the inhabitants of Beaver County was held and sundry resolutions passed, and committees appointed to procure arms, ammunition, etc. On Tuesday the militia met at Beavertown, and after raising a subscription of nearly $1,000 to defray the cost of purchasing ammunition, etc., about 130 persons volunteered their services to march to Cleveland, O. They divided themselves into two companies and chose the following officers:
First company-Captain, Jonathan Coulter; lieutenant, John Lawrence; ensign, Robert Moore. Second company-Captain, James Kennedy; lieutenant, John Smurr, Jr.; ensign, James Louthan.
Among the privates are General Abner Lacock, James Lyon, Thomas Henry, Esq., Samuel Power, Esq., Samuel Johnston, William and John Wilson, Josiah Laird, John R. Shannon, Esq., Major Robert Darragh, Jonathan Mendenhall, John Wolf, James Moore, etc., etc. Both companies are composed of the most respectable inhabitants of the county. Each man is at his own expense, armed and equipped for service, and carries in his knapsack ten days' provisions. They start from the vicinity of Beaver this morning, and expect to reach Cleveland in the course of four or five days. The example is worthy of imitation, and may the God of battles go forth with them in our righteous cause and grant them victory and honor.
A fuller contemporary account of this meeting, which was held on August 24, 1812, is found in a private diary
1 There is preserved in a valuable collection of old documents in the Carnegie Library at Pittsburg a handbi1l which was the gift of Mrs. Abraham Kellar to the Library, one of a number similar to it which were distributed in the city of Pittsburg at the time war was declared with Great Britain. This old circular contains proof of General Lacock's interest and influence: it reads as follows:
"OFFICE OF THE PITTSBURGH GAZETTE, "PITTSBURGH. Thursday Evening. June 25, 1812.
"Extract of a letter from Mr. Lacock to a gentleman in this Town, dated Washington City, June 18, 1812 .
"I embrace the first opportunity to inform you that WAR has this day been declared, and the injunction of secrecy taken off. This measure passed in the House of Representatives by a majority of 30, and in Senate 19 to 13. This is an unqualified, unconditional War, by land and sea, against the United Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland:"
2 It will be seen from what follows that the statement on page 285 of the History of Beaver County (A. Warner & Co., Pubs., 1888), that "the first two years of the war did not call out any troops from the County," is an error.
History of Beaver County 479
kept by Captain Stanton Sholes,' who, during the War of 18I2, resided in Beaver in a house on Third Street on or near where the Shumaker block now stands. The handwriting of Captain Sholes is still clear and legible, though over ninety years have passed since he wrote the following minute;
At a general meeting of the inhabitants of the town and borough of Beaver, convened for the purpose of taking into consideration and for determining what proceedings should be taken in consequence of information received by express of the unfortunate defeat and capture of the army under the command of General Hull, at Detroit, August 24, 1812, Saml. Lawrence, Esq., was unanimously chosen chairman and Hugh Picknoll, secretary.
On motion of Robert Moore, Esq.
Resolved, That an express be sent to Pittsburgh to procure powder, lead, etc.
Resolved, That notices be sent to the members of the I39th Regiment to meet in the borough of Beaver on Tuesday, the 25th inst., at 12 o'clock, and that instructions be given to the several officers of the regiment to bring and cause to be brought with them all the arms in their respective companies and belonging to the regiment or the members thereof.
A letter from Brigadier-General Bell to the commanders of militias representing the western parts of Pennsylvania, dated New Lisbon, Ohio, August 24, 1812, received by Col. R. Moore by express announcing the defeat of the army under Hull, and the invasion of the American frontier by the British and Indians in considerable force and praying aid and reinforcements for the protection of the frontier inhabitants being read:-
Resolved, That every exertion be made to forward volunteers to the assistance of our fellow-citizens on the frontier, and their marching expeditiously, so that, if possible, they shall arrive at Youngstown, in the State of Ohio, on or before Saturday, the 29th:
Resolved, That the supplies intended to be furnished shall, as soon as procured, be delivered to Samuel Power, Esq., brigade inspector for the use of the I39th Regiment.
1 Captain Sholes. in May, 1812, received from President Madison a captain's commission in the Second Division United States artillery, with orders to recruit a company of one hundred men for five years. He recruited the company and participated in the campaign until its close.
He was also a soldier in the Revolutionary War, having run away from his home in Connecticut. when a boy, to enlist in that war. He was the grandfather of Captain Henry H. Sholes, who died in Rochester, Pa., in the fall of 1898. Leaving Beaver, he moved to Columbus, Ohio, where he died at an advanced age, being buried in that city.
"The date here is evidently confused with that of Brig.Gen. Bell's letter, mentioned above. It should be August fifth,
History of Beaver County 480
Resolved, That these proceedings be published in the Western Cabinet and signed by the chairman and secretary. S. LA, WRENCE, Chairman,
H. PrcKNoLL, Secretary. I
Immediately following the above entry appears this record:
27th of August, I8I2.
In consequence of notices sent to the members of the 139th Regiment, announcing the above alarming and distressing intelligence they assembled in order to render assistance to their fellow-citizens on the frontier by a voluntary offer of their services. On this occasion all were unanimous. Party distinctions were absorbed in the love of country.
After a few observations made by Col. Robert Moore volunteering commenced, about 66 brave citizens stepped out of the first battalion, and about 50 out of the second firmly resolved to conquer or die. A more brave and determined lot of men never trod the tented field. They are indiscriminately composed of lawyers, doctors, merchants, farmers and mechanics. One half of the men able to bear arms in this town have turned out. Yesterday they were busily engaged in preparing all the necessary equipage, in which the ladies performed a very conspicuous and patriotic part in making clothes, knapsacks, etc. Today they march to join General Wadsworth, at Cleveland. May glorious victory attend them.
This, though on a small scale, is a creditable instance of rapid mobilization, and one not surpassed or even equaled any where outside of this county at that time; scarcely equaled during the greater struggle of the Civil War. Here were two companies, respectively of sixty-six and fifty men, arming and equipping themselves at their own expense, with no prospect of "bounty," and on the march in two days, and starting from Beaver on the morning of Thursday, August 27, 1812, passing through Darlington and Petersburg, they were in Youngstown, Ohio, on Saturday, August 29th. The famous "Pittsburg Blues," under Captain James Butler, destined for the same services as the Beaver companies, did not leave Pittsburg until September 20th, and reached Beaver in boats, September 24th,
1 Colonel Robert Moore, to whom the letter referred to above was sent by Genexal Bell, was the grandfather of A. S. and W. S. Moore, Esqs., attorneys of Beaver, the former A. S. Moore. now U. S. Dist. Judge, as Div. of Alaska, at Nome; also of F. H. Agnew, Esq.
Samuel Power, the brigade inspector. to whom were to be turned over the supplies, was the father of the late Gen.. T. J. Power, of Rochester, Pa.
The Samuel Lawrence who presided at the meeting was Beaver County's second prothonotary, and the grandfather of the late Hon. A. J. Lawrence of Beaver.
Hugh Picknoll was a property owner in Beaver, a member of the bar and a man of sterling worth. In the outlots of the town of Beaver, west of Beaver and Spring Lane, Nos. u5 and u6, were patented to Hugh Picknoll. These outlots are near Vanport.
History of Beaver County 480
and passed on down the river. Captain Markle's troop of cavalry from Westmoreland County left Pittsburg, September 22d, and passed through Beaver County on their way to Urbana, Ohio.
The enlistment of Beaver County soldiers in the War of 1812 was made at different times and dates. In January, 1814, there were eight companies formed in this county, consisting of 587 officers and men. These companies were commanded respectively by Captains David Knowles, David Clark, Wilson Caldoo, Robert Leiper, William Calhoun, Thomas Henry, Armstrong Drennan, and Robert Imbrie, and the troops were embodied into two regiments, the 138th Pennsylvania Militia, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Miller, and the 26th Pennsylvania Regiment. The companies of Captains Imbrie and Drennan composed the First Battalion of the 26th Regiment, and were commanded by Major Andrew Jenkins of North Beaver township. All these companies marched by way of Meadville and served a tour of duty at Erie during the months of January, February, and March of the very severe winter of 1814.1
1 Captain Robert Beer, a soldier of the War of 1812, is quoted in Judge Parke's Historical Gleanings of Allegheny (p. 38) as saying of his trip, in the winter of 1812-13, from Allegheny City to Upper Sandusky, Ohio: "To guard the teams and property, we had Capt. Johnson and his company from Greersburg, now called Darlington, and half a company from Beaver County, under the command of Lieut. Walker, who was subsequently killed by the Indians."
Greersburg must have been a very patriotic village, when boys of fifteen ran off to the war. The following advertisement. which appeared in the Pittsburgh Gazette of July 6, 1814, is self-explanatory:
FIVE DOLLARS REWARD.
"It was the twenty third day of May
My boy JOHN WITHROW ran away.
He's stout and sturdy I'll engage,
And about fifteen years of age;
He is about a middle size;
His hair is fair, and has blue eyes:
His feet are large, his shoes are old.
And has but lately been half soal'd;
His shirt is old seven hundred linen.
And is made of this country spinning:
His outside jacket color yellow.
But has been much worn by the fellow;
An under-jacket home-made cotton;
A linsey one with pewter buttons;
His hat is black and made of wool.
Which serves right well to thatch his skull
His going I believe to be
Through council of bad company.
He went to Pittsburgh to engage
To be a soldier on the stage
Of war, which he had best not try,
Because he will both steal and lie:
And was encouraged to his hurt
To do these things rather than work.
A fife he took, which he can blow,
But how to play he does not know.
Whoever brings him home again
I'll give FIVE DOLLARS for his pain.
"GREERSBURG, BEAVER COUNTY." VOL.I.-3X
History of Beaver County 481
ROSTER OF TROOPS IN THE WAR OF I8I2 1
Captain David Knowles's company, I38th Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Robert Miller, under order of Major-General Mead, dated January 1, 1814, service commencing January 12th and ending February 22, 1814: Captain, David Knowles; lieutenant, James Withrow; ensign, William Cannon; sergeants, William Hunter, Alexander Johnson, Samuel Cross, Samuel Blackmore; corporals, George Crowe, Ethan Thomas, Joseph Wilson, David Anderson; privates:
Anderson, David Anderson, James Blackmore, Samuel Brittain, Jeremiah Bevington, Samuel Cline, John Cline, Joseph Cannon, William Calvin, Robert Crowl, George Cross, Samuel Cunningham, James Crowe, Henry Cotton, James Donald, Stacy Dearinger, Joseph Dickson, John Eakin, William Gibson, Samuel
Graham, Hugh Grosscost, David Gurrol, James Hamilton, James Henry, James
Hull, Gairham Johnson, John Johnson, James Johnson, Alexander Johnson, Fergus Kennedy, Thomas Lowry, Hugh Louthan, George Louthan, Moses Moore, Thomas McConnel, John Mier, George Mitchell, Hugh Martin, William
McCague, Daniel McGuffee, Andrew Moore, William Martin, John Phezzle, George Porter, David Pumphrey, William Reed, Samuel Ramsey, David Rayl, William Sheerer, William Stratton, Daniel Seabrook, Archibald Smith, Jesse Thompson, Thomas Wilson, Joseph Wilson, James Wolf, John Wolf, Isaac Wright, Richard.
Captain David Clark's company of the same regiment, and for the same period, was recruited in the section north of the Ohio and west of the Big Beaver rivers, with headquarters at Darlington: Captain, David Clark; lieutenant, James Dunlap; ensign, Archibald Stewart; sergeants, James Davidson, John McCandless, John Imbrie, Andrew Reed; corporals, David Tidball, Francis Johnson, John Edgar, John Curry; privates: Adams, Asa Allsworth, Benjamin Aughenbaugh, P.
Boal, Daniel Bond, James Beer, John Boies, David Clelland, John Carson, John Wright.
1 This roster is from the Adjutant-General's office. Harrisburg. Pa, It is not complete, but is the best that could be had at this late date. Additional items will be found in the Centennial address of Hon. Warren S. Dungan. (See our volume ii .,Centennial Section.)
History of Beaver County 482
Cannon, Michael Campbell, Matthew Crum, Isaac Courtney, Jacob Chambers, John Caldwell, William Cooglar, Benjamin Dixon, William Duff, William Dunlap, John Elder, John Filland, Thomas Hoge, William Hatfield, Adam Hannah, Samuel Hughes, John Hunter, James Hope, Adam Hopper, Robert Kagler, Henry Losier, Stophel Losier, Peter Laughlin, James Leslie, James Leslie, George Morrison, James McMinn, Thomas Malone, Emley Miller, Samuel Moore, William, Sr. McCullough, James McCready, Hugh Moore, Andrew Moore, William Miller, Robert McCready, Daniel McCarter, James McCaskey, William Marquis, James Marquis, Robert McCaskey, John Moore, John McKibben, James McKeehan, John Marshall, J. Nesbit, Francis Parks, Samuel Pitcher, Mitchell Ruggle, Jacob Reed, William Reed, Robert Reeve, Archibald Ross, James Russel, Robert Reed, John Shingledecker, Michael Swaggers, George Stacey, John Stephenson, D. Suman, John Stinginger, George Stephenson, John Severs, Charles Sample, John Truesdale, James Vance, John Woods, Andrew White, John
White, Nicholas White, Nathaniel Wickershaw, Adam Wilson, William Warner, Henry Witherspoon, John Young, Philip Young.
Captain Wilson Caldoo's (sometimes Kildoo or Kidoo) company was recruited east of the Big Beaver Creek and mainly in Shenango, Slipperyrock, and North Sewickley townships, now in Lawrence County: Captain, Wilson Caldoo; lieutenant, Alexander Clemens; ensign, Robert Catty; sergeants, Thomas Caldoo, David Sadder, William McMurray, Thomas Walton; corporals, John Tidball, Adam Marshinner [Mershimer], John Whan, William McKim; privates: Brown, John Blair, Samuel Brittain, John Baldwin, Samuel Custard, Joseph Clark, David Connor,John Carothers, William Cline, Henry Davidson, Patrick Davidson, Andrew Egbert, Isaac Foster. Thomas Flynn, Thomas Frew, James Fox, Michael Grass, Robert Harris, Samuel Henry, James Hannah, Thomas Jackson, William Jackson, James Jolley, Levan Joseph, Patrick Lackey, Robert Moore, John McKey, William Miller, William Mattocks, William Miller, John Miller, William McDowell, William Newton, Sabine
History of Beaver County 483
Pollock, Samuel Regley, Seth Robinson, Joseph Seward, Abner Stackman, James
Sample, Samuel Vingder, Elias Wilson, William White, John Whan, Ephraim Wright, Samuel Ward, William Ward, Jesse Wailace, John Wailace, Samuel
Captain Robert Leiper's company, 138th Regiment, was recruited on the "South Side." Captain, Robert Leiper; lieutenant, John Warnock; ensign, Joseph Calhoun; sergeants, David Wilson, Henry Davis, Noah Potts, Erastus Rudd; cor porals, Joseph Brown, Aaron Sutton, Thomas Barnes, Thomas Potts ; privates:
Allen, Solomon Applegate, David Brunton, Thomas Barnes, Thomas Brown, George Butler, George Beal, William Creegthon, John Crain, Adonijah Douglas, Nathaniel Dungan, David D. Ferguson, Hans Grimes, James Gilliland, John Hamilton, James Hannah, Alex. Hovington, Zenas Henry, Hays Hamilton, James Latter, William Lewis, John Leiper, William McElhaney, Robert McCray, James McHenry, Charles McCune, William Moore, Robert McCure, Thomas Nelson, John Odell, John Parkinson, James Patterson, Guy Reed, William Reed, Alex. Richmond, John Seeley, Samuel Stone, Jackson Smith, John, Jr. Smith, John Shane, Cornelius Santel, Alpha Smith, James Shively, Jacob Thomasburg, John Veasey, Elisha Vincent, Thomas Withrow, Thomas Wood, Silas Wilson, James
The roll of this company is certified by William McCune, lieutenant, and in the receipt roll for the period from February 23d to March 23d he is reported as lieutenant.
Captain William Calhoun's company, 138th Regiment, was recruited on the "South Side." Captain, William Calhoun ; lieutenant, Thomas Hartford; ensign, Benjamin Laughlin; sergeants, Thomas Sevaney, Daniel Heckathorn, Adam Gibb, Robert Neilson, Patrick Caughey; corporals, Jonathan Grimshaw, Andrew Hayes, William McCullough, J ames Allison; privates:
Allison, James Bear, Charles Butler, Abiah Baker, George Carson, William
Clear, George Cunnington, Clifford Caughey, Patrick Douglass, J obn Decker, Daniel Farrat, William Foush, Michael Ford, Eli Hodge, William Hall, James
Hartford, Thomas Hight, Aaron Hamilton, John J amison, William Justice, Joseph Kinners, James Lockhart, Hiram Lockhart, Allen Laughlin, Wilson Laird, William Laird,John Laughlin, Benjamin
History of Beaver County 484
Langfit, James Mercer, Nottingham McCauley, Hugh Miller, Samuel McCullough, William Myers, George Neilson, Robert Neilson, William Patten, Robert Patten, James Patten, William Skillen, Hugh Sevaney, John Snyder, Jacob S. Shafer, Anthony Sands, Andrew Swaney, Thomas Swaney, Thomas Thompson, Benj. Thompson, James Woods, William Weitzell, Henry Willoughby, Charles Wilson, William
After the first month's service Thomas Hartford was promoted from private to be lieutenant, Patrick Caughey to be sergeant, and James Allison to be corporal.
Captain Thomas Henry's company, I3Bth Regiment, was recruited in and around Beaver. Its term of service was from January I2, IBI4, to the 1st of March following. Captain, Thomas Henry; lieutenant, Samuel Ramsey; ensign, James McMilton; sergeants, William Joseph, David Warnock, John Minnis, Gasper Snooks; corporals, Ahiman Stibes, John Bell, Solomon Mains, John Shanks; privates:
Alexander, John Alexander, William Bennet, Robert Bennet, Solomon Borin, James Bond, Hugh Bradley, John Beam, Jacob Beggs, John Caldwell, John Craig, Archibald Champion, George Champion, Joseph Davis, Samuel Davis. John Daugherty, Edward Dunbar, Samuel Davidson, John Daugherty, Daniel
Everhart, John McMillan, John Embrie, Robert Old train, Absalom Freed, Jacob Riddle, James Ferguson, Robert Riddle, James, Jr. Ferguson, James Reno, Benjamin Feree, John Reno, Lewis Feree, Jesse Ramsey, Samuel Gardner, William Smith, William Gardner, Thomas Sloan, James Grim, Michael Small, Thomas
Graham, William Scott, Isaac Imbrie, Robert Scott, John King, John Stairs, John
Kennedy, Matthew Stairs, Robert Lacock, Atlas E. Thompson, John Maratta, Caleb Trask, Rufus McConaughey, Edward Wolf, John McGarvey, James Moor, James Wilson.
Captain Armstrong Drennan's company, First Battalion, 26th Regiment, was recruited from all the sections of the county
History of Beaver County 485
north of the Ohio River, and served from February 10th until March 22, 1814. Captain, Armstrong Drennan; lieutenant, Jacob Cline; ensign, Stephen Clark; sergeants, John Johnston, James Fowler, Robert Johnston, Michael Nye ; corporals, David Drennan, James Hamilton, John McConnel, George Sanford; privates:
Anderson, Robert Aughenbaugh, George Adams, David Adam, Alexander Aughenbaugh, John Allsworth, John S. Bridgeman, John Bales, Charles Boggs, Robert Boylen, Aaron Cox,John Courtney, Nicholas Cheney, John Cobren, John Cannon, Joshua Coleman, John Cook, Benjamin Cook, John Downing, Samuel Dickson, Matthew Daugherty, Edward Douglass, John Dawson, Thomas Early, William Freed, Peter Graham, Christopher Graham, Frederick Hamilton, Hugh Harkin, William Harbinson, James Hageman, Stephen Herron, William Hamill, John Inman, Basil jackson, James Justice, John Jackson, Matthew justice, Ross
Justice, Matthew Lippy, William Lippy, Joseph Murphy, john McFarland,John McFarland, Robert McClelland, William Miller, James Marshall, John McCarter, Daniel McCready, John McCollough, James McCollough, William McCaskey, Andrew McCalla, John McGowen, Robert McCaughty, Robert McMinn, Robert Niblock, Joseph Nicholson, Francis Ness, William Nesbit, John Pierce, John
Powell, Samuel Percival, Jacob Pedan, James Pedan, Hugh Rayl, Nathaniel Robinson, Joseph Regal, Abraham Reed, Joseph Smith, George Scott, William Slentz, Philip Sheerer, John Swagers, John Sterret, George Steen, Matthew T. Stewart, George Vankirk, William Vanata, James Vanata, Thomas Welsh, Andrew Webster, Samuel Wiley, William Warnock, James Wallace, Benjamin Wells, John Whittenberger, Adam Whittenberger, George Wiley, John Wiley.
Captain Robert Imbrie's company, being 2d Company, First Battalion, 26th Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia, commanded by Major Andrew Jenkins, served at Erie from February 15 to March 23, 1814. Captain, Robert Imbrie; lieutenant, James Henry; ensign, James Veasey; sergeants, A. McKinnon, William Moore, John McCormick; corporals, William Roland, James Ferrel, John McCoy, William Hammond; privates:
History of Beaver County 486
Anderson, Thomas Bottomfelt, Samuel Bolliner, Simon Bell, John, Jr. Bell,John
Bower, Samuel Boyd, William Boyd, Andrew Brown, John Cristler, George Caston, William Caldoo, James Clark, James Cochran, James Cyphey, David Dermon,John Daugherty, Richard Daugherty, George Eckles, Thomas Eckles, John Fisner, John Fowler, Archibald Fegans, John Holmes, Joseph Hutchinson, William Hickey, John Harvey, James Hawk, John Hawk, Jonathan Hawk, Benjamin Hinds, John Harper, David Imbrie, James Irvin, James Junkins, Samuel Johnson, John Jack, Thomas Laughlin, Samuel Little. William Little, James Leonard, Hull Madison, Samuel Matthews, Duncan McDowell, John McDevit, Henry Miller, Joseph Manon, James McMurray, James Miller, Moses Moore, James McNeal, James McBride, Samuel McGowan, Ebenezer Melony, Henry Newton, John Naymen, Daniel Parks, Thomas Park, David Pollock, James Pollock, Samuel Roger, Jacob Reed, Matthew Scott. Thomas Semple, Robert Sharp, John Shaffer, Jacob Summerwell, John Smith, Andrew Simpson, William Shaffer, Peter Scott, George Smith, Benjamin Slater, Jacob Vancokle, Richard White, Samuel 1
Between the years 1821 and 1835 Texas, one of the original States of the Republic of Mexico, had been largely colonized "by men from the Southern States of the Union. In the latter year the Texan patriots revolted against the tyranny of Santa Anna's government, and in March, 1836, they gave to the story of human heroism the bright but bloody page on which is written the deeds of the defenders of the Alamo. That splendid example of deathless courage is commemorated by a monument in the old State House at Austin on which is this beautiful inscription:
Thermopylse had Three Messengers of Defeat The Alamo had None!
Under the leadership of Sam Houston the independence of Texas was soon achieved, and in 1837 she offered herself for admission to the American Union. The Southern States were in favor of her admission, both on account of the presence of so many of their former citizens in the State, and because of the
1 John Javens, great grandfather of Thomas H. Javens of Rochester. Pa., was a soldier in the War of 1812; company unknown.
History of Beaver County 487
opportunity it would afford of extending slave-labor over new soil. But the Whig party, strongest in the North, were opposed, and for a time her admission was defeated. The final incorporation of Texas into the Union brought about the war with Mexico, the Mexican Government being determined to resist the claim of Texas and the United States to any territory beyond the river Nueces. Upon this issue hostilities com menced early in 1846. On the r13th of May, that year, Congress announced that by the act of Mexico a state of war existed between that government and the United States, and voted men and money for the prosecution of the war. The President was authorized to employ the militia, naval and military forces of the United States, and to call for and accept the services of fifty thousand volunteers. Within a period of thirty days ninety companies of volunteers offered their services, enough to fill nine regiments-three more than the President asked for. In December, 1846, one regiment of volunteers was mustered into the service of the United States at Pittsburg, two companies of which were from that city, and in January of 1847 another regiment was mustered in in the same place, with one company from Pittsburg. With the exception of a few individuals who enlisted in these Pittsburg companies and elsewhere, Beaver County cannot be said to have contributed much to that brief but bloody conflict which ended with the capture of the city of Mexico on September 14, 1847, when General Winfield Scott dictated terms to the vanquished in the famous halls of the Montezumas.
In the old graveyard at Beaver is the tomb of a soldier of this war, who died on a boat on his return from Mexico. For some reason the body was landed at Beaver and interred there. His name was William Thomas, and the muster-roll at Harris burg shows him to have been a member of Company D, 1st Pennsylvania Volunteers, mustered in, January 4, 1848, and deceased, July 12, 1848. Through the instrumentality of a former comrade and the kindness of Beaver citizens, his grave is fittingly marked with a stone bearing the record of his services.
THE WAR OF THE REBELLION, 1865
We read the events of history in the light of our philosophy, and according to the influence of our individual temperament. To some the whole story of the titanic struggle between the
History of Beaver County 488
North and the South is like a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing. They can see nothing but what is sad and sordid or crafty and cruel in the long preliminary contest, with its political manoeuvrings, its" Compromises" and "Provisos" and" Bills," its Kansas "feuds" and John Brown "Raids," and to them the war itself is nothing but the irrational outburst of mad human passions, as blind and chaotic as the explosion of a tropic volcano, a Krakatoa, or a Mont Pelee.
But we are able now to estimate this mighty social upheaval more thoughtfully than this. We are able to look upon it as the proof that there is a power not ourselves behind phenomena, social phenomena as well as physical, that makes for righteousness. We can now do equal justice to the victors and the van quished, and recognize the essential uprightness of character and sincerity of purpose that animated the men of the North and that belonged no whit less to the men of the South, as illustrated in the persons of the two great opposing captains, Grant and Lee. We see these men, now,-those of the North and those of the South,-as men who had to work out a nation's destiny, to suffer together, because their fathers and they had sinned together, and who could not" dree their weird" and be purged of the sin and curse of slavery without paying a price of cost. By terrible things in righteousness God answered us, answered the cry of the slave and the curse of the task-master and the prayer of the pitiful. And so for four years the American nation was made to walk through the valley of the shadow of death, and in the agony of civil and fraternal war the wrongs and blunders of more than two centuries were atoned for. The contest called into the field five million soldiers, sacrificed half a million lives, and cost six billions of money, but it was worth all it cost because it settled forever that the United States is a NATION and not a loose confederation of States, and made America the land of the free as well as the home of the brave.
Fold up the banners! Smelt the guns!
Love rules. Her gentler purpose runs.
A mighty mother turns in tears
The pages of her battle years,
Lamenting all her fallen sons!
The people of Beaver County took a deep interest in the questions under debate in the Nation at large, and a prominent
History of Beaver County 489
part in the agitation of them. They did yeoman service in the anti-slavery cause, and, as the ominous shadow of Secession and Rebellion began to cast its malign influence upon the country, they were aroused to the highest pitch of patriotic feeling and enthusiasm. Even before the war opened a large mass-meeting was held in Beaver to get the expression of the popular mind upon the events that had taken place since the election of Lincoln. The "cotton States "- South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas - began to make active efforts to dissolve the Union from the moment that the election of the Republican candidate became known. South Carolina first passed an ordinance of secession on December 20, 1860, and by the rst of February the following year each of the seven "cotton States" had declared itself separated from the Union and independent.
Meantime, with the temporary success of the Missouri Com promise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850 in mind, individual members of Congress were trying to settle the troubles by further compromise, and many plans for changes in the Constitution and laws were proposed, but all without avail. On February 4,1861, a "Peace Convention," suggested by Virginia, assembled in Washington. There were delegates in attendance at this convention from all but the above-named seceded States, and John Tyler, ex-President of the United States, was its president. But the plan of compromise which it proposed failed like all the rest: the time for compromise was past; the conflict was an irrepressible one, and it had to be decided by the appeal to arms.
The mass-meeting in Beaver to which we referred above was held on the very date of the Peace Convention at Washington, February 4, 1861. It was called the" People's Meeting," and was held in the court-house. The friends of the outgoing administration of Buchanan, and those of the administration that was to be in office after March 4th, and whose purpose to support the Constitution and the Union had already been made known to the country, were gathered in full force at this convention, which proved to be the most exciting that had ever been held in the county. It was known that an effort would be made at this meeting to pass resolutions condemnatory of the policy of coercion towards the seceding States, and the friends
History of Beaver County 490
of the incoming administration made strong appeals to its supporters to prevent this being represented as the sentiment prevailing in the county. The following note from M. S. Quay, then prothonotary of the county, to a Republican at Vanport, was published in the Western Star of February 7th:
Turn out to the meeting at one o'clock this afternoon if you possibly can, and bring every Republican from Vanport with you, if possible. They intend passing Locofoco resolutions, and sending them out to the State as the expression of the people of Beaver County. It should be prevented if possible.
The crowd that assembled at this meeting filled the old court-house to suffocation, and the organization of the meeting was secured by those opposed to the policy of coercion, they having the president, all the vice-presidents but two, and both the secretaries.
Hon. Joseph Irvin was chairman; James Wallace, Henry Alcorn, Thomas Conway, Boston Grove, Ephraim Jones, Levi Barnes, Jacob Wagner, John Graham, William Leaf, William F. Lafferty, Robert Russell, Elwood Thomas, and David Stanton -the last two Republicans were vice-presidents; and Robert Potter and N. C. Barclay, secretaries.
Two prominent Democratic attorneys, Lewis Taylor, Esq., and N. P. Fetterman, Esq., who were to have addressed the meeting, being absent, another of that party, Samuel B. Wilson, Esq., made a fervid appeal for moderation and leniency towards the Southerners. A call was then made for Richard P. Roberts, Esq., who presented with fiery eloquence the reasons which the North had for opposing slavery and secession.
A series of resolutions opposing coercion and war were then presented by Samuel B. Wilson, Esq., voted on and passed, the Republicans protesting. The Democratic officials then withdrew, and the Republicans reorganized the meeting and passed a counter series of resolutions, which, considering the inflamed state of public feeling, seem to us extremely temperate and dignified. As reported in the Argus, they are as follows:
Resolved, That it is the duty of the Federal Government to protect the Federal property, and execute the Federal laws, "and for these purposes to employ all the means at its disposal.
Resolved, That the imposition of the institution of slavery upon the
History of Beaver County 491
people of a territory against their will, or without their consent, whether by congressional legislation, or constitutional enactment, is in direct conflict with the spirit and purpose of a republican form of government.
Resolved, That any statute of any state which conflicts with the con stitution or laws of the United States should be repealed.
Resolved, That we are opposed to any interference with the institution of slavery in the states where it now exists, or by which it may hereafter be legalized, either by the federal congress or by the free states or by illegal individual enterprise, such as was exemplified in the murderous fray of John Brown against Virginia.
Resolved, That the thanks of the nation are due to our President, J ames Buchanan, for the promptness with which he extricated himself from the ruinous policy into which he had been misled by traitors; for purging his cabinet of their presence, and for surrounding himself by such patriotic and competent advisers as Holt, Scott, Dix, and Stanton, in whose statesmanship and fidelity to the Union all parties can confide.
Resolved, That, since the purchase of Florida and Louisiana territories by the government of the United States was to secure unmolested commerce in the Gulf, and the free navigation of the Mississippi and its tributaries as transits to the ocean, and since their maintenance as territories and states has been secured only by the lavish expenditure of the blood and treasure of the whole nation, the recent revolutionary acts of levying war, and by coercion seizing and holding the forts and arsenals, hospitals and treasury of the United States, forcibly driving the United States troops from the other property of the United States, dishonoring the national flag in the eyes of the world, are treasonable in character and in violation of the equality, fraternity and common rights of all the states, and thus impose the patriotic duty upon the people of all the states, as citizens of the United States, to rally to the common defense of our Union and the constitution.
As indicated in the last resolution, the leaders of the South had long been preparing for an armed conflict by accumulating stores of arms and ammunition, and occupying Federal forts and arsenals in the South. while at the same time they were emptying the arsenals of the North. On the 24th of December, 1860, an attempt was made by them to remove the ordnance from the arsenal at Pittsburg, which was prevented by the citizens. And, when at length the designs of the Southern leaders were unmasked by the attack on Fort Sumter, April 12, 1861, the North found itself impoverished of the munitions of war. In this respect no State in the Union was more badly off than Pennsylvania. Her military stores were well-nigh exhausted, and her volunteer soldier system had fallen into such decay that there were in 1860 fewer volunteer military companies in the
History of Beaver County 493
State than ever before were on the rolls of the Adjutant-General's office. But no sooner was the news flashed over the country that Fort Sumter had been fired on than the old Keystone State rose quickly with her loyal sister States to meet the emergency. Three days after the rebel attack had been made the President of the United States issued a proclamation calling out seventyfive thousand militia from the different States to serve for three months in the war that was now inevitable, and a requisition was made on this State for fourteen regiments. The response to this call was so prompt and great that at once sufficient men rushed to Harrisburg to organize not fourteen regiments, but twenty-five. It is true that neither these ardent spirits nor the people of the State or of the country had as yet any adequate idea of the magnitude of the task that was before them. But there were at least two men in Pennsylvania that had more nearly estimated the seriousness of the coming conflict and its probable duration. These were General Simon Cameron, Secretary of War under President Lincoln, who advised the organiza tion of the most powerful army the North could raise; and Andrew G. Curtin, Governor of the State, who took advantage of the excess of men offering their services and began at once, after the requisition of the Federal Government for fourteen regiments had been met, to organize the famous Reserve Corps. His foresight in this was apparent in the need of just such wellorganized and disciplined troops as these Reserves that was developed by the disaster of the first battle of Bull Run.
On the 18th of April, 1861, Camp Curtin was established at Harrisburg, and before the end of that month twenty-five regiments were sent to the field from this camp. An extra session of the Legislature was called by Governor Curtin on April 30th to take measures for the war; and on the 15th of May following an Act was passed providing for the organization of the Reserve Corps, to consist of thirteen regiments of infantry, one regiment of cavalry, and one of artillery.
The people of Beaver County showed themselves like-minded with those of the other parts of this Commonwealth in patriotic enthusiasm and alacrity in rising to meet the situation which confronted the country and the Government, and in organizing to lend their assistance in the work of crushing the Rebellion.
494 History of Beaver County
The issue of the Western Star of April 26, 1861, shows that on April 22d a great meeting of the citizens was held in Beaver to formulate a line of action. This meeting organized by electing the following officers:
President - Hon. Daniel Agnew. Vice-Presidents - Hon. Joseph Irvin, Hon. William Cairns, Major Thomas McCreery, Moses Doak, Dr. John McCarrell, Archibald Robertson, Isaac Covert, Daniel Dawson, Robert Douthitt, Moses Hendrickson, Hon. John Scott, Andrew Watterson, B. Wilde, Dr. M. Lawrence, John Graebing, Robert Wallace, William D. Eakin, Major R. Darragh, Major David Warnock, Thomas McClure, Thornton Shinn, Dr. Palmer. Secretaries - Henry Hice, P. L. Grim, W. B. Lemon, S. Davenport, J. Trimble.
A committee on resolutions was appointed, consisting of seven members, viz.: B. B. Chamberlin, Jno. Allison, Thomas McClure, R. P. Roberts, S. B. Wilson, Archibald Robertson, and P. L. Grim, who at a later hour brought in a strong report. The preamble of this report set forth the facts concerning the national situation, the duty of the citizens to support the Government, etc., and the following resolutions were offered:
Resolved, That a general county committee of safety composed of one hundred men be appointed, for the purpose of considering the duties devolving upon all loyal citizens, in any emergency that may arise during the civil war now raging between the constituted authorities of the nation and the aggressive and rebellious states; and that also the organization of local committees be recommended in different localities of the county.
Resolved, That a home military organization be recommended in every locality of the county, and that in view of the emergencies now arising, all encouragement be extended to the formation of volunteer corps, to act on the requisition of the general and state authorities.
Resolved, That a committee of six persons be appointed in each election district of the county to see that the families of our noble, brave and patriotic citizens who may volunteer to serve our common country be properly cared for and protected during the absence of their natural protectors, and that we unitedly pledge our sacred honors and fortunes to enable said committee to carry this resolution into effect.
Resolved, That the president of this meeting appoint and announce the above committees at his earliest convenience.
On motion of R. P. Roberts, Hon. Thomas Cunningham was then called upon to address the meeting, who in an eloquent manner supported the resolutions and called upon all to respond loyally to the call of their country in its hour of need. Several
"Fellow Citizens. arouse' The rest of Peace is broken. War's alarms are upon us. We are threatened with immediate invasion by the South. The news of the last twenty four hours is exciting, and informs us tthat following speedily upon the fall of Sumter, by the hands of the insurgents Virginia has seceded. The armory at Harper's Ferry has been seized, and an army is about moving to invade the Cap itol of the Nation. In a few hours Washington may be in the hands of the enemy. Immediate action is necessary for the protection of our homes and the soil or our country At a large meeting held in the Court House, the undersigned were ap pointed a Committee to call a Public Meeting of the citizens of the county at the Prothonotary's office, and
History of Beaver County 495
others, being called for, responded in a similar vein, viz.: R. P. Roberts, Esq.; Rev. Dr. McLean; Rev. S. K. Kane; Rev. S. Patterson; Rev. B. C. Critchlow; Rev. D. A. Cunningham; Rev. J. M. Smith; Hon. John Allison; Captain Kagarice, a soldier of the Mexican War; Thorton Shinn, Esq., late of Kansas; and S. B. Wilson, Esq.
A committee from the Harmony Society at Economy was present at this meeting and pledged the Society for financial aid to the Government in suppressing the rebellion. The names of the Committee of One Hundred appointed by the president, as recommended by the first of the above resolutions, are as follows:
Hon. Thos. Cunningham William Barclay, Samuel Davenport, R. P. Roberts, Robert Graham, Rev. D. A. Cunningham B. B. Chamberlin, Capt. D. Dawson, Thomas McCreery, Edward Hoopes, Capt. Samuel Smith, Gen, J. H. Wilson, William Henry, Hon. William Cairns. William B. Clarke, Dr. James E. Jackson, John Wilson. H. B. Beisel, Dr. John Murray, Andrew Watterson. Silas Merrick.
James Arbuckle, J esse Carothers, Jason Hanna, Dr. David S. Marquis, Archibald Robertson, George W. Glass, Hon. Joseph Irvin, Thomas B. Wells, Hon. John Allison, Capt. Gilbert Pendleton, Hon. John Scott, Matthew Gilliland, Thomas G. Kerr, Joseph Wallace, George S. Barker, Henry Bryan, William M. Reed, Benjamin Wilde, George Shiras, Benjamin Butler, James Wilson, Thornton Shinn, Joseph Nevin, M. T. Kennedy, George Neely, Philip Cooper, George W. Fulton,
Samuel Hendrickson, J ames Smith, Isaac Covert, Henry Goehring, David Kennedy, Sylvester Hunter, John Cheney, Dr. Milton Lawrence, Rev. B. C. Critchlow, Elwood Thomas, Charles Calhoun, John Stiles, William Wallace, Andrew R. Miller, Robert Jackson, S. C. Clow, Robert Patton, Lewis Reno, Hugh Bennett. Dr. John McCarrell, William D. Johnston. George Hartzell, William H. Frazier. Agnew Duff, E. N. Boots, Francis Le Goullon, James Duncan, Henry Metz, Jacob Shaffer, Andrew Jackson, Francis S. Wilson, Rev. - M'Abee, R. D. Cooper, George M. Young. Rev. D. H. A. McLean, William K. Boden, Robert Shannon, Dr. Smith Cunningham Capt. Charles Stone, David Dunlap, P. L. Grim. Rev. R. T. Taylor, Robert Douthitt, Hiram Stowe, Richey Eakin, John White, J ames Darragh, Joseph C. Wilson, Rev. S. Patterson, John Roberts, Robert McCreery.
History of Beaver County 496
The committees appointed by the chair in accordance with the third resolution above were as follows:
Rochester Boro. and Township -Joseph Irvin, George. C. Speyerer, John H. Whisler, William Porter, Robert Jackson, Gilbert Pendleton, James A. Sholes, Abner P. Lacock, William Wallace.
Bridgewater - Thomas Campbell, Samuel Davidson, James Arbuckle, Thomas Allison, James Porter, John Murray, Rev. William F. Lauck, Samuel Moorehead.
Borough Tp.- Dr. Smith Cunningham, Thomas McCreery, Daniel Thurston, Jonathan McKenzie, James Darragh, Hugh B. Anderson, Isaac N. Atkins, Michael Weyand.
Darlington Tp.- Dr. Ross, Martin White, John A. Frazier, John Cain, Robert A. Cochran. J. P. Martin.
Chippewa Tp.- John McCarter, Joseph Brittain, James Kennedy, Robert Dunlap, Thomas White, Jonathan Rhodes, Robert Douthitt.
Patterson Tp.- Jesse Williams, Archibald Robertson, John R. Hoopes, William Carothers, John Sims.
Economy Tp.- George Neely, Patterson Mitchell, Samuel McManamy, William Mars, Jacob Breitenstein, John H. Beighley, Robert Gray (big).
Pulaski Tp.- James Wallace, Ephraim Smith, John Baxter, Henry Phillis, Thomas Ferguson, Thomas Hays.
Marion Tp.- Nicholas Boots, George Hartzell, Joseph Phillis, Austin Thomas, George Scheene.
Franklin Tp.- Henry Metz, Alexander Fombell, Conrad Fisher, John
H. Wilson, Francis S. Wilson. James W. Pander.
Fallston Boro.- David Johnston, William Henry, R. D. Cooper, Dr.
James E. Jackson, James Duncan, Samuel Kennedy.
Freedom Boro. and Dist.-W. W. Kerr, Jonathan Paul, Henry Bryan, Thomas H. Cooper, Erasmus Gripp, Charles H. Bentel, Robert McCaskey, James Stoops, Charles Haller, W. Brown.
Raccoon Tp.- Robert Moffit, James Smith, R. R. Gamble, Alexander Ewing, Samuel Kennedy, James Hall.
New Sewickley Tp.- Henry Goehring, George Geyer, George Rouser, Abraham Hunter, George Teets, Edward Reeder, John Cheney, Samuel Peirsol.
New Brighton Boro.- Hon. John Allison, Isaac Covert, William Kennedy, H. B. Beisel, Benjamin Wilde, Edward Hoopes, M. T. Kennedy, Sylvester Hunter.
Phillipsburg ~ Francis Le Goullon, G. Trompeter, John M. Shrodes, Lawrence F. Schaffer, Joseph Bentel, Peter Markey.
South Beaver Tp.- Michael Conkle, Sr., Joseph McMillin, Robert Graham, Esq., Reuben Watt, Dixon Reed, Peter Crowl, Thomas F. Elder.
Big Beaver Tp.- W. H. Powers, Dr. Hezlep, Thomas McClure, Robert Wallace, William H. Foster, Samuel Blair, George Young, Fergus Me Clelland.
North Sewickley Tp.- Hugh Bennett, Hugh Wallace, JamesJ. Hazen,
History of Beaver County 497
S. C. Clow, Benjamin Whisler, James Warnock, Thomas Ramsey, Alex ander Caven.
Industry-John Wilson, Samuel Hoyt, Dr. J. P. Cummins, John Michaels, Hon. William Cairns, Richard Walton, J. M. Phillis, Joseph Ewing.
Greene Tp.- Charles Calhoun, Dr. Milton Lawrence, James H. Trim ble, James Bryan, David Kerr, Jr., James Mackall, Samuel McLaughlin, James Cameron, John Vance, Samuel Leeper, Jackson Swearingen.
Frankfort Dist.- Dr. Bingham, Dr. John McCarrell, R. A. Cooley, Captain S. Swearingen, Samuel Bigger, Moses Doak.
McGuire's Dist.-John A. Gibb, Robert Harsha, Henry Keifer, Joseph
K. Buchanan, Eli Ramsey, George Littell.
Ohio Tp.--Captain D. Dawson, R. Laughlin, James Scroggs, Matthew Johnston, S. B. Briggs, William Rayl, John Henderson, Robert Me Gaffick.
Hopewell Tp.- Robert Duncan. Robert C. Scott, James Irons, G. K. Shannon, Thomas McKee, John R. McCune, William A. Thomson, James Jordan.
Independence Tp.- James Sterling, Henry Reed, Dr. A. R. Thomson, William Reed, Alexander Gibb, Benjamin Butler, William McCoy, Thomas Standish.
Moon Tp.- D. B. Short, John Davis, Daniel Figley, Milo Reed, Hill Douds, Robert Cooper, Henry Alcorn, William McBriar.
Brighton Tp.- Andrew Watterson, George Barclay, William Scott, Jr., Richey Eakin, Jesse Carothers, Robert Gilmore.
These various committees rendered great service in securing enlistments, and in caring for the families of the men at the front.
At a meeting of the Committee of Safety held in Beaver, May 17, 1861, it was moved by W. B. Clarke that each member of the Committee take the following oath or affirmation, to be administered by competent authority.
You and each of you do swear by Almighty God, the searcher of all hearts (or affirm.) that you will support the constitution of the United States and the constitution of Pennsylvania, and that you will maintain, support and defend the government of the United States against treason and rebellion.
Following the recommendation of the resolutions a number of Home Guards were organized in different parts of the county. There were reported by May 17, 1861, the following:
Gali1ee--Captain William H. Power, 60 men. Economy township--Captain James Conway, 54 men. North Sewickley township--Captain J. J. Hazen, 50 men. South Beaver-Cap-
History of Beaver County 498
tain A. J. Lawrence, 45 men. Raccoon-Captain James Smith, 45 men.
The number of these Home Guards was later greatly increased. In and around Beaver was also another organization called the" Jackson Grays." There was also another sort of Home Guards whose names do not appear on any regimental or company roster, but without whose unflagging zeal, self-sacrifice, and love the American Union could never have been saved. Tribute to these was fittingly paid by Colonel Vera in his Centennial address at Beaver in 1900, when he said:
"Yes, and the women too were in war. Picking lint, making bandages, sending boxes of garments to the hospitals, and, in organized groups, with clattering machines and chattering tongues, they were busy daily and devotedly, a home guard of slippered warriors and fireside defenders. God bless the women, the ministering angels of war, in their silent home courage, when every fated bullet of the battle field rebounded from a far-off hearthstone carrying desolation, mournin
Forgotten your password?
Request a new one here